Books, Articles by Richard Sandbrook

Recently Out:

Sandbrook, Richard. 2022. “Polanyi’s Double Movement and Capitalism Today,” Development and Change 53(1). Read here.

Racism, Class Solidarity and Systemic Change

“From Coronavirus to the Green New Deal: Negotiating the Perilous Passage.” 2020. The Bullet: Socialist Project (March)

Shaffer, Paul, Ravi Kanbur and Richard Sandbrook, eds. Immiserising Growth: When Growth Fails the Poor. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019

Karl Polanyi and the Formation of This Generation’s New Left,” IPPR Progressive Review 25:1 (2018), pp. 76-103. access here.

You can assess the full text of most of the items in this bibliography at my ResearchGate account For further information or purchase of any book:

Recent: Books

Reinventing the Left in the Global South: The Politics of the Possible (Cambridge University Press, September 2014)  provides reinventing the lefta fresh perspective on the nature and significance of the democratic Left in the Global South. It is in the Global South, most notably in Latin America, that one finds newly self-confident progressive movements. This  new Left includes parties and social movements that not only are avoiding the familiar pitfalls that ensnared socialists and social democrats in the twentieth century, but also are coping with the realities of the twenty-first century, especially neoliberal globalization. In analyzing and illustrating three innovative strategies – moderate social democracy, radical social-democratic transition to socialism and Left populism – this study seeks to nudge the debate about the Left out of the well-worn grooves into which it has fallen in recent decades. For more information:

Reinventing the Left in the Global South: The Politics of the Possible


Civilizing Globalization: A Survival Guide. revised and expanded edition (SUNY Press, June 2014). The first edition of the book (2003) Cover1 imagewas conceived at a time of growing popular discontent with globalization. From Seattle in 1999 to Washington, Genoa, Zurich and Québec City in later years, mass demonstrations provoked fierce police reactions and hostile responses from mainstream media. This wholly revised and expanded edition, incorporating trends emerging during the past decade, comes at an equally crucial juncture. The first few years following the release of the first edition were marked by an unprecedented surge in trade and financial flows, which translated into high economic growth rates in every region. It appeared that neoliberal globalization would finally deliver on its promise. Yet this revived optimism was illusory; it ignored the many undesirable trends associated with the global triumph of neoliberalism. The world-wide economic crisis of 2008 dramatically illustrated the gravity of the challenges. Yet, despite these challenges, concrete initiatives for changes in the global regime remain insubstantial. This edition brings together a distinguished set of scholars and activists to discuss, in clear, non-technical language, the innovative political strategies, participatory institutional frameworks, and feasible regulatory designs capable of taming global markets so that they assume the role of useful servants rather than tyrannical masters. For further information:

Civilizing Globalization: A Survival Guide

Social Democracy in the Global Periphery, was a collaborative project with _t.jpgMarc Edelman, Patrick Heller, and Judith Teichman that appeared in 2007 (Cambridge University Press). It focuses on social-democratic regimes in the developing world that have, to varying degrees, reconciled the needs of achieving growth through globalized markets with extensions of political, social and economic rights. We show that opportunities exist to achieve significant social progress, despite a global economic order that favours core industrial countries. The findings derive from a comparative analysis of four exemplary cases: Kerala (India), Costa Rica, Mauritius and Chile (since 1990). Though unusual, the social and political conditions from which these developing-world social democracies arose are not unique, we contend; indeed, pragmatic and proactive social-democratic movements helped create these favourable conditions. The four exemplars have preserved or even improved their social achievements since neoliberalism emerged hegemonic in the 1980s. This record suggests that certain social-democratic policies and practices – guided by a democratic developmental state – can enhance a national economy’s global competitiveness. For further information or to purchase:

Social Democracy in the Global Periphery: Origins, Challenges, Prospects

Closing the Circle: Democratization and Development in Africa (Zed Books, 2000) focused on national regimes in a context of global integration. More specifically, it examined the potential for a “virtuous” circle of democracy, economic growth, and state-building within the developing market systems of Africa. Although closing this circle requires African democrats to overcome massive domestic constraints, I argued that it also entails reform of the global economy.


Kuresel Cevrede Sosyal Demokrasi.(co-author) Ankara: Phoenix: Yayinevi, 2012, with a new Preface to the Turkish Edition.

Civilizing Globalization: A Survival Guide (editor and co-author) Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003. (21 original essays, including 2 by the editor). 2 reprints

Reducing Poverty: Critical Perspectives. Special Issue of International Journal, ed. by Robert O. Matthews and Richard Sandbrook. Vol. 57, no. 2 (2002). 8 original essays plus Introduction.

Reforming the Political Kingdom: Democratization and Governance in Ghana’s Fourth Republic (with Jay Oelbaum) Accra: Institute of Economic Affairs, January 1998. 67 pp.

Empowering People: Building Community, Civil Associations and Legality in Africa (co-editor and co-author) Toronto: Centre for Urban and Community Studies, 1993. 209 pp.

The Politics of Africa’s Economic Recovery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Afurika Keizai-kiki no Seiji-Bunseki. Translated by Toru Kotani. Tokyo: Sanrei Shobo, 1989. Japanese translation of The Politics of Africa’s Economic Stagnation, with a new Preface and Introduction.

The Politics of Africa’s Economic Stagnation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. Reprinted 1986, 1987, 1989, 1991.

The Politics of Basic Needs: Urban Aspects of Assaulting Poverty in Africa. Toronto: University of Toronto Press and London: Heinemann Educational Books, 1982. (Selected by Choice as an ‘Outstanding Academic Book, 1982‑83’) Reprinted 1985.

The Labouring Poor and Urban Class Formation: The Case of Greater Accra (with Jack Arn) Centre for Developing Area Studies, McGill University, Monograph Series No. 12, 1977. Extract reprinted in Chris Allen and Gavin Williams, eds., Sociology of Developing Societies: Sub‑Saharan Africa. London: Macmillan, 1982, pp. 142‑50.

The Development of an African Working Class: Studies in Class Formation and Action (co‑editor and co‑author) London: Longman Group Ltd., and Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1976.

Proletarians and African Capitalism: The Kenyan Case. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. Reissued as a paperback by CUP in 2008.

Richard Sandbrook’s books on Goodreads


(with Ali Burak Guven) “introduction: Envisioning a Civilized Globalization.” In Richard Sandbrook & Ali Burak Guven, eds, Civilizing Globalization: A Survival Guide. Revised and expanded ed. Albany: SUNY Press, 2014.

“Conclusion: The Left, Globalization and the Future.” In Sandbrook & Guven, eds, Civilizing Globalization. Albany: SUNY Press, 2014.

(with David Romano) “Does Neoliberal Globalization Foster Violent Conflict in Poor Countries?” In David A. Deese, ed., Globalization: Causes and Effects. Farnham, UK: Ashgate Publishers, 2012.

“Astute Governance Promotion versus Historical Conditions in Explaining Good Governance: The Case of Mauritius.” In Jennifer Welsh and Ngaire Woods, eds., Exporting Good Governance: Temptations and Challenges in Canada’s Aid Program. Kitchener: Wilfred Laurier University Press, 2007, pp. 203-221.

“Envisioning a Civilized Globalization,” in R. Sandbrook, ed., Civilizing Globalization: A Survival Guide. Albany: SUNY Press, 2003, pp. 1-11.

“A New Urgency: Civilizing Globalization in an Era of Terrorism,” in R. Sandbrook, ed., Civilizing Globalization. Albany: SUNY Press, 2003, pp. 253-68.

(with Dickson Eyoh) “Pragmatic Neo-Liberalism and Just Development in Africa,” in Atul Kohli, Chung-In Moon, and Georg Sorensen, eds., States, Markets, and Just Growth: Development in the 21st Century. Tokyo and New York: United Nations University Press, 2003, pp. 227-57.

“Democratization and Institutional Reform,” in E. Wayne Nafziger and Raimo Vayrynen, eds., The Prevention of Humanitarian Emergencies. Houndmills, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave, 2002, pp. 151-73.

“Patrons, Clients and Factions: Explaining Conflict in Africa”, in Peter Lewis, ed., Africa: Dilemmas of Development and Change. Boulder: Westview Press, 1998, pp. 64-83.

“Economic Crisis, Structural Adjustment and the State in Subsaharan Africa”, in Dharam Ghai, ed., The IMF and the South: The Social Impact of Crisis and Adjustment, London: Zed Books, 1991, pp. 95-114.

“Patrimonialism and the Failings of Parastatals: Africa in Comparative Perspective”, in Paul Cook and Colin Kirkpatrick, eds., Privatization in the Third World. New York: St. Martin’s Press & Brighton: Wheatsheaf Books, 1988, pp. 162-179.

“Crisis Urbana en el Tercer Mundo”, en Valentin Ibarra et al., eds., La Ciudad Y el Medio Ambiente. Mexico: El Colegio de Mexico, 1987, pp. 19-28.

(with Richard Stren) “Urbanization, National Development, and the International Economic Order”, in Rodney White and Ian Burton, eds., Approaches to the Study of the Environmental Implications of Contemporary Urbanization. MAB 14. Paris: UNESCO, 1983, pp. 69‑82. (Published also in French and Spanish)

(with Joseph Whitney) “Guidelines for the Writing of Diagnostic Country Reports”, in ibid., pp. 57‑61.

“Worker Conscious­ness and Populist Protest in Tropical Africa”, in Richard and Ida Simpson, eds., Research in the Sociology of Work. Greenwich, Conn., JAI Press, 1981, pp. 1-36.

“The State and the Development of Trade Unionism”, in Goran Hyden et al., eds., Development Administration. Nairobi and London: Oxford University Press, 1970, pp. 252‑95.


“Karl Polanyi and the Formation of This Generation’s New Left,” IPPR Progressive Review 25:1 (2018), pp. 76-103. access here.

“The Democratic Left in the Global South,” Journal of Social Democracy 2 (2014), pp. 14-21.

“Die demokratische Linke im globalen Suden,” Neue Gesellschaft 6 (2014), pp. 46-50.

“La izquierda Democratica en el Sur del mundo,” Nueva Sociedad 250 (2014), pp. 42-57.

“Polanyi and Post-neoliberalism in the Global South: Dilemmas of Re-embedding the Economy,” New Political Economy 16:4 (2011), pp. 415-43.

(co-author) “Kan Socialdemokratin Overleva i det Globala Syd?” Fronesis (Stockholm), No. 32/33 (2010), pp. 254-68.

“Politik und Sozialdemokratie in der Gritten Weit.” Neue Gesellschaft, No. 1/2 (2010), pp.65-9.

“Making Social Democracy in the Global South,” Re-Public (Spring 2008).

“Globalization and Egalitarian Distribution,” Democratiya, No. 8 (Spring 2007)

(co-author) “Puden Sobrevivir las Democracias Sociales en el Sur Globalizado?” Nueva Sociedad, No. 204 (Julio-Agosto 2006), pp. 24-36.

“Alternatives to Neoliberalism in the Third World,” Renewal 15:2/3 (2007), pp. 46-57.

(co-author) “Can Social Democracies Survive in the Global South?” Dissent (Spring 2006), pp. 53-60.

“Africa’s Great Transformation?” Journal of Development Studies 41:6 (2005), pp. 1118-1125.

“Origins of the Democratic Developmental State: Interrogating Mauritius,” Canadian Journal of African Studies 39:3 (2005).

(with David Romano) “Globalization, Extremism and Violence in Poor Countries,” Third World Quarterly 25:6 (2004), pp. 1007-1030. Reprinted in Opposing Viewpoints: Third World (Thompson/Gale Publishers, 2005).

“Deepening Democracy to Fight Poverty: What Role for Humane Internationalists?” International Journal 57:2 (2002), pp. 175-92.

“Globalization and the Limits of Neoliberal Development Doctrine,” Third World Quarterly 21:6 (2000), pp. 1071-80.

“Neoliberalism’s False Promise,” Literary Review of Canada 8:8 (October 2000), pp. 20-24.

“Citizenship, Rights and Poverty: Narrowing the Gap between Theory and Practice,” Occasional Paper, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, Stockholm, Sweden, June 2000.

The Contradictions of Neoliberal Democracy, Cambridge Review of International Affairs 13: 1 (1999), pp. 41-54.

Democracy and Market Reform in Africa, Occasional Paper Series, Sophia University Institute of Comparative Culture, Tokyo, Dec. 1999.

“Economic Liberalization versus Political Democratization: A Social-Democratic Resolution?” Canadian Journal of African Studies, 31: 3 (1997), pp. 482-516.

(co-author) “Reforming Dysfunctional Institutions Through Democratization? Reflections on Ghana”, Journal of Modern African Studies, 35: 4 (1997), pp. 603-46.

“Transitions without Consolidation: Democratization in Six African Cases”, Third World Quarterly, 17: 1(1996), pp. 69-87.

“Democratization and the Implementation of Economic Reform in Africa”, Journal of International Development, 8: 1 (1996), pp. 1-20.

“Bringing Politics Back In? The World Bank and Adjustment in Africa”, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 29: 2 (1995), pp. 278-89.

“Le condizioni politiche prioritarie per la ripresa economica”, Politica Internazionale, 19: 4 (1991), pp. 82-94.

“Taming the African Leviathan: Political Reform and Economic Recovery”, World Policy Journal, 7: 4 (Fall 1990), pp. 673-701.

“Banking on Good Government”, Development Network, April 1990, 6pp.

“Liberal Democracy in Africa: A Socialist-Revisionist Perspective”, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 22: 2 (1988), pp. 240-268.

“The Debate about Liberal Democracy: Africa in Third World Perspective”, ISOP Intercom (UCLA), 10: 15 (May 1988), pp. 1-4.

“La personalisation du pouvoir et la stagnation capitaliste”, Politique Africaine, #26 (Juin 1987) pp. 15-37. “Une réponse à Jean Copans” in the same issue, pp. 38-40.

“Hobbled Leviathans: Constraints on State Formation in Africa”, International Journal, 41: 4 (1986-87), pp. 707-33.

“The State and Economic Stagnation in Tropical Africa”, World Development, 14: 3 (1986), pp. 319-33.

“Urban Crisis in the Third World”, International Perspectives (September‑October, 1983), pp. 27-30.

“Is There Hope for Africa?”, International Perspectives (January‑February 1983), pp. 3-8.

“Is Socialism Possible in Africa?” Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 19: 2 (1981), pp. 197‑207.

(with Jack Arn) “On the Theory and Practice of the Laboring Poor”, International Journal of African Historical Studies, 13: 3 (1980).

(with Jack Arn) “Debate on Sandbrook and Arn’s The Labouring Poor and Urban Class Formation: A Reply”, Manpower and Unemployment Research, 11: 1 (1978), pp. 86‑93.

“The Political Potential of African Urban Workers”, Canadian Journal of African Studies, 12: 1 (1978), pp. 411‑33.

“The Study of the African ‘Sub‑Proletariat'”, Manpower and Unemployment Research, 10; 1 (1977), pp. 91‑105.

“The ‘Crisis’ in Political Development Theory”, Journal of Development Studies, XII, 2 (1976), pp. 165‑85.

“Kenya: The Future of Underdevelopment”, Background Paper No. 1, Council on Foreign Relations, New York, March 1976, 17pp.

“Workers, Unions and Development in Africa”, Journal of Modern African Studies, 1: 3 (1973), pp. 455‑58.

“The Working Class in the Future of the Third World”, World Politics, 25: 3 (1973), pp. 448‑78.

“Patrons, Clients and Factions: New Dimensions of Conflict Analysis in Africa”, Canadian Journal of Political Science, 5: 1 (1972), pp. 104‑119.

“Patrons, Clients and Unions: The Labour Movement and Political Conflict in Kenya,” Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies, 10; 1 (1972), pp. 3‑27.

“Unions and Politics in Kenya”, Africa Report, 15: 3 (1970), pp. 24‑29.